Tag Archives: Serghei Agulnikov

Исследования курганов на левобережье Днестра Сергей Агульников, Евгений Сава

Rezumat. Materialele descoperite în rezultatul cercetării arheologice a necropolelor tumulare de lângă satele Nicolscoe, Uiutnoe, Frunză, Constantinovca, Novocotovsc și Tîrnăuca, situate în raionul Slobozia, Republica Moldova, permit introducerea în circuitul științific a complexelor unui șir de culturi tumulare, reprezentând un larg diapazon de nomazi, începând cu perioada eneoliticului și până în evul mediu târziu.

Descarcă monografia: Agulnicov, Sava 2014

Скифский курган №7 у с. Пуркарь на Нижнем Днестре С. М. Агульников, С. С. Попович, С. В. Церна, Д. А. Топал

Purcari 2013

Abstract. A Scythian Barrow 7 near Purcari in the Lower Dniester Barrow 7 near Purcari was excavated in 2011. Three graves were investigated, one of them belonging to a medieval nomad, the other two graves are of Scythian origin. The main burial contained skeleton of a 30—35 years old male, extended on the back, with the head to the west. In the south-western part of burial chamber a Heraclea amphora with 2 iron spearheads and 2 javelins were placed. The attribution of the amphora is determined by a stamp of Eurydamos belonging to the so-called Early manufacturing group (5th c. — 90s of 4th c. BC). An Attic black-glazed saltcellar with concave walls was located near the right shoulder.. An iron sword akinakes decorated in Animal Style was placed across the hips with the hilt at the leſt hand. The pommel extends on each side into two semi-abstract bird heads. Analogies for this akinakes are spread over a vast big territory from lower Danube to Southern Ural within a chronological span of 450—350 BC. A pair of anatomically shaped bronze greaves (cnemidae) were found on the legs. On the chest of the deceased, several fragments of iron plates were identifi ed, which could represent the remains of a fl at body armor made of leather covered with iron plates. Also, the burial yielded ca. 110 bronze arrowheads concentrated in diff erent locations. So, the preliminary chronological analysis of the grave goods shows that the most convenient chronological framework of this grave is the late 5th c. BC.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov et al. 2013

Necropola culturii Belozerka de la Cazaclia (București 1996) Serghei Agulnikov

Agulnicov 1996

Rezumat.  Necropola Cazaclia a culturii Belozerka este cea mai mare și intens cercetată dintre toate cele existente în nord-vestul Mării Negre. Ca rezultat al investigațiilor arheologice, au fost descoperite 80 de morminte. Ceramica din necropolă este reprezentată, prioritar, prin veselă lustruită (cupe, cești, căni, chiupuri), forme caracteristice pentru cultură în general. Alături de aceasta nu putem să nu remarcăm și existența importurilor tracice, reprezentate de străchini canelate, cupe și căni cu ornament incizat, caracteristice pentru monumentele de la Dunărea de Jos. Împreună cu formele ceramice tipice Belozerka, este prezent și un anumit procent de influențe ale altor culturi.
Materialele necropolei Cazaclia prezintă în sine o bază în rezolvarea unui șir de probleme legate nu numai de ritul funerar, dar și cu referire la constituirea culturii Belozerka în general. Din ele rezultă relații complexe între triburile Europei Centrale și populația din nordul Mării Negre. Studierea, în continuare, a fenomenului apariției culturii Belozerka în interfluviul Dunăre-Nistru, ne va permite să confirmăm influența purtătorilor acestei culturi asupra procesului de trecere de la epoca bronzului târziu la epoca fierului timpuriu pe un important spațiu din stepele Eurasiei.

Descarcă monografia: Agulnicov 1996

Tumulul 1 de la Ciumai (Taraclia) Ion Ciobanu, Vlad Vornic, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Abstract. The article publishes data about tumulus 1 from Ciumai (Vinogradovca com.), researched by rescue excavations at the end of 2015. The mound was at about 0.5 km north-east of the northern edge of Ciumai village and 0.15 km south-east of the M3 road, on the first terrace of the meadow from the left part of Salcia Mare rivulet, the right affluent of Ialpug river. Partially affected by excavations, the tumulus had a roughly circular configuration in plan, with a height of approximately 0.4 m and a diameter of about 38 m. It contained 12 asynchronous graves. The oldest grave (no. 7), dated in the end of the late mil. IV BC., over which the first mantle of the tumulus was raised, belonged to a child, and as inventory there laid a fragment of painted brick-red vessel of late tripolian invoice. Most of funerals, as well as two other identified tumulus mantles, are attributed to Iamnaia culture of the Bronze Age (mil. III BC.). For these tombs arrangement of skeletons in a crouched position and their ocher painting are characteristic. Among the artifacts found a burnt clay askos from the tomb 11 stands – a type of vessel, rarely met in Iamnaia culture complexes. The third chronological-cultural horizon is related to the grave 12, which contained the skeleton of a woman and two cups of clay and some amber and glass beads as inventory. Based on proven funerary practices and funeral inventory the mentioned tomb is assigned to Sarmatian culture from I-II centuries AD. The mound from Ciumai is represented by four fireplaces and 21 pits from late medieval period (XVIII centuries), plus a ditch from the modern era (?). These complexes, some of which have bothered the oldest graves, belong to a seasonal dwelling, probably tartar, from the late Middle Ages.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Vornic, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Complexele funerare atribuite culturii Sabatinovka din tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

 Rezumat. În articolul de faţă este prezentat un grup de complexe funerare aparţinând culturii Sabatinovka, descoperite recent (2015) în Tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche, r-nul Cahul. Sunt analizate aspecte generale ce ţin de ritualul funerar al culturii Sabatinovka în spaţiul pruto-nistrean. De regulă, mormintele ce aparţin acestei culturi din epoca bronzului târziu erau amplasate în sectoarele de sud-est ale tumulilor, formând o concentraţie de morminte de felul unei necropole de dimensiuni mici. Aceeași situaţie poate fi urmărită și în T. 9 de la Crihana Veche. Ritualul funerar și piesele de inventar, descoperit în procesul cercetărilor arheologice, sincronizează micronecropola din T. 9 cu masivul cutural Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni, precum și cu cultura Monteoru (faza IIB) și se datează în secolele XIV–XIII a.Chr.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016

Tumulul 8 de la Cimișlia. Considerații preliminare Sergiu Popovici, Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Abstract. This paper presents the preliminary data on rescue archaeological research of the tumulus No. 8 near Cimişlia (Republic of Moldova) in 2015. The tumulus had a diameter of 36 m and height of 0,8 m. In the mound ten graves, two agglomerations of bones and pottery, a religious complex, a circular moat and a circular stone platform were identified. According to the stratigraphy, the construction of the initial mound, ditch and the cult complex (consisting of six buried vertical logs) were connected with the grave 3 of late Eneolithic time. The next chronological horizon is represented by the graves of Zhivotilovka-Volchansk type (No. 2 and 8). In addition, there were excavated two graves of Yamnaya culture, one grave of Katacomb culture, two Sarmatian and one of the late Medieval nomad.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Ciobanu, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016