Tag Archives: Sciti

Скифский курган №7 у с. Пуркарь на Нижнем Днестре С. М. Агульников, С. С. Попович, С. В. Церна, Д. А. Топал

Purcari 2013

Abstract. A Scythian Barrow 7 near Purcari in the Lower Dniester Barrow 7 near Purcari was excavated in 2011. Three graves were investigated, one of them belonging to a medieval nomad, the other two graves are of Scythian origin. The main burial contained skeleton of a 30—35 years old male, extended on the back, with the head to the west. In the south-western part of burial chamber a Heraclea amphora with 2 iron spearheads and 2 javelins were placed. The attribution of the amphora is determined by a stamp of Eurydamos belonging to the so-called Early manufacturing group (5th c. — 90s of 4th c. BC). An Attic black-glazed saltcellar with concave walls was located near the right shoulder.. An iron sword akinakes decorated in Animal Style was placed across the hips with the hilt at the leſt hand. The pommel extends on each side into two semi-abstract bird heads. Analogies for this akinakes are spread over a vast big territory from lower Danube to Southern Ural within a chronological span of 450—350 BC. A pair of anatomically shaped bronze greaves (cnemidae) were found on the legs. On the chest of the deceased, several fragments of iron plates were identifi ed, which could represent the remains of a fl at body armor made of leather covered with iron plates. Also, the burial yielded ca. 110 bronze arrowheads concentrated in diff erent locations. So, the preliminary chronological analysis of the grave goods shows that the most convenient chronological framework of this grave is the late 5th c. BC.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov et al. 2013

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016

Investigații pluridisciplinare privind tumulul 7 de la Crihana Veche Ion Ciobanu, Angela Simalcsik, Luminița Bejenaru

Crihana Veche, T7

Rezumat. În toamna anului 2014, Institutul Patrimoniului Cultural şi Agenția Națională Arheologică au efectuat investigaţii arheologice în tumulul 7 “La Pietricei” de pe teritoriul comunei Crihana Veche, raionul Cahul. Obiectivul principale al cercetărilor a constat în salvarea vestigiilor cu risc înalt de pierdere din aşezarea atribuită epocii romane târzii şi continuarea cercetărilor în cadrul grupului tumular din vecinătatea Aeroportului Internaţional Cahul. Au fost descoperite două morminte – unul de copil (7-8 ani), cu un vas de lut plasat la cap în calitate de inventar şi altul (central) de bărbat, în vârstă de cel puţin 60 de ani. Mormântul central a fost jefuit în vechime. Printre vestigiile arheologice descoperite se numără 60 de vârfuri de săgeţi, un mâner de akinakes placat cu plăci de os gravate cu fire de argint, un kiatos, şapte mărgele de argint, două piese de podoabă de argint, mărgele din faianţă egipteană, piese din os, plăci fragmentare de fier de la armură şi un bogat material amforistic (peste 500 de fragmente), inclusiv cu ştampile aplicate pe toartă. Materialul amforistic, aproape fără excepție, poate fi atribuit producției de Thasos. Pe cinci mânere de amfore au fost imprimate ştampilele producătorilor Pylades și Lysikles (sfârşitul anilor 360s – mijlocul anilor 350s B.C.). Caracterul aristocratic al mormântului 2 din tumul 7 este susţinut de piesele de inventar de origine tracică (din grupul balcanic de Nord); cronologic acestea ne sugerează că războinicul, îngropat în mormântul 2, ar putea fi un participant la evenimentele conflictului dintre sciți, tribali și reconcilierea lor ulterioară.

Descarcă articolul: Crihana Veche, Tumulul 7