Tag Archives: Sarmati

Сарматская стела с тамгой из окрестностей п. Тараклия Serghei Agulnicov, Valerii Bubulici

Agulnicov, Bubulici 2010

Stela sarmatică cu tamga din apropierea orăşelului Taraclia. În anul 2007 un grup de colaboratori al Institutului Patrimoniului Cultural al AŞM şi al Muzeului de Arheologie şi Istorie a Moldovei au cercetat o stelă antropomorfă cu o incizie a unei tamga sarmatice pe ea, descoperită în apropierea orăşelului Taraclia, Republica Moldova. După studierea unor analogii, tamgaua încrustată în piatră se datează cu a doua jumătate a secolului I p. Chr. şi este atribuită perioadei domniei regelui sarmatic Farzoi.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov, Bubulici 2010

SMEENI – MOVILA MARE: Monografia unui sit arheologic regăsit Alin Frînculeasa, Angela Simalcsik, Bianca Preda, Daniel Garvăn

Frinculeasa et al. 2017

Marți, 25 aprilie 2017, trecut de ora 10: după o revenire fulgerătoare a iernii, azi Primăvara pare să fi învins. Am ajuns în Smeeni la cules de cochilii de melci. Dincolo de garduri…un complex agroindustrial, hale și tractoare, alei de ciment, alte acareturi. O groapă ce se cască sub nivelul terasei, plină de mărăciniș crescut haotic, e martorul mutilării sistematice a terenului. Se remarcă doar galbenul nisipului cu verde spre margini de tineri pomi răsăriți fără îndrumare. Mai într-o parte fosta povarnă nu mai produce. În zare dincolo de marginea terasei…lunca Călmățuiului, mai aproape ʺViroagaʺ drenată printr-un canal îngust. Nimic nu pare să mai amintească de săpăturile arheologice de amploare…un episod anonim în ritmul anistoric al unui sat dintr-o prelungire iluzorie a ʺMăreței Stepeʺ. Odată ca niciodată a atins Smeeniul. Doar memoria colectivă încă mai păstrează vag imaginea unui tânăr arheolog găzduit în sat, dar și alte amănunte ce țin de un folclor local triat prin sita timpului. Dincolo de imaginile conturate pe negativele păstrate putem bănui o bună integrare a personajului în atmosfera locului. Alin Frînculeasa

Descarcă rezumatul extins: Smeeni-Movila Mare

Tumulul 1 de la Ciumai (Taraclia) Ion Ciobanu, Vlad Vornic, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Abstract. The article publishes data about tumulus 1 from Ciumai (Vinogradovca com.), researched by rescue excavations at the end of 2015. The mound was at about 0.5 km north-east of the northern edge of Ciumai village and 0.15 km south-east of the M3 road, on the first terrace of the meadow from the left part of Salcia Mare rivulet, the right affluent of Ialpug river. Partially affected by excavations, the tumulus had a roughly circular configuration in plan, with a height of approximately 0.4 m and a diameter of about 38 m. It contained 12 asynchronous graves. The oldest grave (no. 7), dated in the end of the late mil. IV BC., over which the first mantle of the tumulus was raised, belonged to a child, and as inventory there laid a fragment of painted brick-red vessel of late tripolian invoice. Most of funerals, as well as two other identified tumulus mantles, are attributed to Iamnaia culture of the Bronze Age (mil. III BC.). For these tombs arrangement of skeletons in a crouched position and their ocher painting are characteristic. Among the artifacts found a burnt clay askos from the tomb 11 stands – a type of vessel, rarely met in Iamnaia culture complexes. The third chronological-cultural horizon is related to the grave 12, which contained the skeleton of a woman and two cups of clay and some amber and glass beads as inventory. Based on proven funerary practices and funeral inventory the mentioned tomb is assigned to Sarmatian culture from I-II centuries AD. The mound from Ciumai is represented by four fireplaces and 21 pits from late medieval period (XVIII centuries), plus a ditch from the modern era (?). These complexes, some of which have bothered the oldest graves, belong to a seasonal dwelling, probably tartar, from the late Middle Ages.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Vornic, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016

Tumulul 8 de la Cimișlia. Considerații preliminare Sergiu Popovici, Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Abstract. This paper presents the preliminary data on rescue archaeological research of the tumulus No. 8 near Cimişlia (Republic of Moldova) in 2015. The tumulus had a diameter of 36 m and height of 0,8 m. In the mound ten graves, two agglomerations of bones and pottery, a religious complex, a circular moat and a circular stone platform were identified. According to the stratigraphy, the construction of the initial mound, ditch and the cult complex (consisting of six buried vertical logs) were connected with the grave 3 of late Eneolithic time. The next chronological horizon is represented by the graves of Zhivotilovka-Volchansk type (No. 2 and 8). In addition, there were excavated two graves of Yamnaya culture, one grave of Katacomb culture, two Sarmatian and one of the late Medieval nomad.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Ciobanu, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Rezultatele investigațiilor arheologice asupra tumulilor de la Filipeni Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Ciobanu

Rezumat. In 2015, rescue excavations of two mounds were carried out on fields near Filipeni community, Leova district. The mound 1 was located at 3,5 km to the north-west of the village periphery, on the watershed between Prut and Sarata rivers. Height – 1,2 m, diameter – 56 m. In the mound 1 two burials were found, one- Sarmatian and the second – medieval, as well as two medieval fireplace installations. The main Sarmatian burial 1 was robbed in antiquity. Despite the despoliation, inventory was found in the burial: three-lobed stemmed iron arrowheads, a metal bead, pieces of polished grey clay circular jar, fragments of red and yellow clay amphorae of Roman period (I-II centuries AD). By some analogies, the burial 1 from the mound 1 near Filipeni dates back to the II-nd century AD. The mound 2 near Filipeni was located at 0,2 km to the east-northeast of the mound 1. The height of the mound – 0,2 m, diameter – 20 m. In the mound two burials and the main building – ritual character fireplace were found. Construction of the mound 2 was associated with the construction 1 in the form of a quasi-square platform and (unpreserved) canopy installed on four piles, dug into the ground, later burned, where fragments of ornamented medieval pottery were found. This is probably a construction of steppe nomads from Lower Prut and Danube zones, dating from X-XIII centuries. Inlet medieval burials are free of inventory.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Un mormânt sarmatic descoperit la Fîrlădeni (r-nul Căușeni) Sergiu Popovici, Eugen Mistreanu, Ion Noroc

Popovici, Mistreanu, Noroc 2015

Abstract. The article analyzes an inhumation grave accidentally discovered on the territory of Fîrladeni village, Causeni district. Buried child of 8-9 years, was laid in a stretched position on his back, oriented to the north. Paleoanthropological analysis of the bone material revealed traces of intentional cranial deformation. The tomb inventory is represented by a ceramic pot, several beads, a bronze earring, a fragment of a bronze plaque. According to analog inhumation graves, this burial dates from the first half of the II-nd century A.D., which corresponds to the middle
period of Sarmatian culture.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Mistreanu, Noroc 2015