Tag Archives: Ion Tentiuc

Gheare de urs și reprezentări de urside în contexte arheologice din prima epocă a fierului la est de Carpați Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Calaret razboinic Mana

BEAR CLAWS AND REPRESENTATIONS OF URSIDAE WITHIN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF THE FIRST AND SECOND IRON AGE EAST OF THE CARPATHIANS. The cremation burial of a warrior rider discovered at Mana (Orhei), endowed with an important set of weapons of Latène type, ritually destroyed, also contained 10 distal phalanges of brown bear’s hind paws (Ursus Arctos). The research allowed to identify analogies for the bear claws in the burial antiquities of the Celtic andGermanic world of Central and Western Europe, but also among the vestiges of the Scythian and Sarmatian world in the second Iron Age. At the same time it was seen that the bear bones (claws and canine teeth), as well as clay figurines and bone, bronze, silver or gold plaques and pendants representing bears, which were found most commonly in burial complexes, but also in settlements, reveal certain practices and beliefs that were related to the cult of the bear in the first and second Iron Age to the east of the eastern Carpathians. Human communities of prehistoric time, antiquity and the early Middle Ages, as well as traditional societies (peoples with archaic mentality of the modern period) had a special attitude towards this animal, especially due to its exceptional physical force.

Despre mormânrul de incinerație în situlă de bronz de la Sipoteni (sec. II-I a. Chr.) Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Abstract. In the work on the materials of a cremation burial in bronze situla of the 2nd-1st centuries BC, which was found in Mana village (Orhei district), we have taken for comparative and anthropological analysis remains of calcined bones from the burial in situla from Sipoteni (Călăraşi district) published in 1950s (fig. 1). Osteological research of the contents of the bronze vessel from Sipoteni (fig. 2) showed that the remains belonged to a man 20-30 years old. In the burial urn a fragment of a black-burnished vessel, a silver fibula of the Middle La Tene type (fig. 4), an iron ring, and an amorphous iron object were found. The grave goods also contain a bronze situla (fig. 3), identical in shape and size, which was found near the funeral urn. Researches attributed the Sipoteni burial to the 2nd-1st centuries BC, a period of domination of Bastarnae tribes in the central and northern part of the Carpathian-Dniester region.

A cremation burial of a horseman near the village of Mana (the Orhei district) Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Tentiuc, Bubulici, Simalcsik 2015

Rezumat. În anul 2011 Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei a intrat în posesia unui lot important de piese arheologice. Componenţa setului de artefacte: situlă de bronz (fig. 3); strachină-capac din ceramică (fig. 4); spadă din fier (fig. 5) şi teaca sa (fig. 6/1-2); vârf de lance din fier (fig. 7) (acestea de la urmă îndoite intenţionat); o pereche de pinteni din fier (fig. 9); umbo de scut, din fier, de formă circulară în plan şi piramidală în secţiune (fig. 8/1-2); brăţară din fier, dublu spiralată, cu terminaţiile în butoni (fig. 10), o verigă din fier cu buton lateral (de la centiron -?) (fig. 6/3-4) la care s-a adăugat o scoabă din fier (de la teacă – ?) (fig. 6/5-6), a permis să constatăm că acestea fac parte din inventarul unui mormânt de incineraţie al unui călăreţ războinic. Analiza antropologică a oaselor incinerate a făcut să se înţeleagă că mormântul a aparţinut unui tânăr de circa 14-16 ani (fig. 14-24). Totodată, printre oasele umane incinerate au fost identifi cate 10 falange distale (gheare) de la membrele anterioare ale unui urs matur. Se pare că tânărul călăreţ războinic a fost incinerat împreună cu „mantia” sa din blană de urs, purtată pe spate (fig. 11-13).