Tag Archives: Ion Ciobanu

Tumulul 1 de la Ciumai (Taraclia) Ion Ciobanu, Vlad Vornic, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Abstract. The article publishes data about tumulus 1 from Ciumai (Vinogradovca com.), researched by rescue excavations at the end of 2015. The mound was at about 0.5 km north-east of the northern edge of Ciumai village and 0.15 km south-east of the M3 road, on the first terrace of the meadow from the left part of Salcia Mare rivulet, the right affluent of Ialpug river. Partially affected by excavations, the tumulus had a roughly circular configuration in plan, with a height of approximately 0.4 m and a diameter of about 38 m. It contained 12 asynchronous graves. The oldest grave (no. 7), dated in the end of the late mil. IV BC., over which the first mantle of the tumulus was raised, belonged to a child, and as inventory there laid a fragment of painted brick-red vessel of late tripolian invoice. Most of funerals, as well as two other identified tumulus mantles, are attributed to Iamnaia culture of the Bronze Age (mil. III BC.). For these tombs arrangement of skeletons in a crouched position and their ocher painting are characteristic. Among the artifacts found a burnt clay askos from the tomb 11 stands – a type of vessel, rarely met in Iamnaia culture complexes. The third chronological-cultural horizon is related to the grave 12, which contained the skeleton of a woman and two cups of clay and some amber and glass beads as inventory. Based on proven funerary practices and funeral inventory the mentioned tomb is assigned to Sarmatian culture from I-II centuries AD. The mound from Ciumai is represented by four fireplaces and 21 pits from late medieval period (XVIII centuries), plus a ditch from the modern era (?). These complexes, some of which have bothered the oldest graves, belong to a seasonal dwelling, probably tartar, from the late Middle Ages.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Vornic, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Complexele funerare atribuite culturii Sabatinovka din tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

 Rezumat. În articolul de faţă este prezentat un grup de complexe funerare aparţinând culturii Sabatinovka, descoperite recent (2015) în Tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche, r-nul Cahul. Sunt analizate aspecte generale ce ţin de ritualul funerar al culturii Sabatinovka în spaţiul pruto-nistrean. De regulă, mormintele ce aparţin acestei culturi din epoca bronzului târziu erau amplasate în sectoarele de sud-est ale tumulilor, formând o concentraţie de morminte de felul unei necropole de dimensiuni mici. Aceeași situaţie poate fi urmărită și în T. 9 de la Crihana Veche. Ritualul funerar și piesele de inventar, descoperit în procesul cercetărilor arheologice, sincronizează micronecropola din T. 9 cu masivul cutural Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni, precum și cu cultura Monteoru (faza IIB) și se datează în secolele XIV–XIII a.Chr.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016

Tumulul 8 de la Cimișlia. Considerații preliminare Sergiu Popovici, Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Abstract. This paper presents the preliminary data on rescue archaeological research of the tumulus No. 8 near Cimişlia (Republic of Moldova) in 2015. The tumulus had a diameter of 36 m and height of 0,8 m. In the mound ten graves, two agglomerations of bones and pottery, a religious complex, a circular moat and a circular stone platform were identified. According to the stratigraphy, the construction of the initial mound, ditch and the cult complex (consisting of six buried vertical logs) were connected with the grave 3 of late Eneolithic time. The next chronological horizon is represented by the graves of Zhivotilovka-Volchansk type (No. 2 and 8). In addition, there were excavated two graves of Yamnaya culture, one grave of Katacomb culture, two Sarmatian and one of the late Medieval nomad.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Ciobanu, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Rezultatele investigațiilor arheologice asupra tumulilor de la Filipeni Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Ciobanu

Rezumat. In 2015, rescue excavations of two mounds were carried out on fields near Filipeni community, Leova district. The mound 1 was located at 3,5 km to the north-west of the village periphery, on the watershed between Prut and Sarata rivers. Height – 1,2 m, diameter – 56 m. In the mound 1 two burials were found, one- Sarmatian and the second – medieval, as well as two medieval fireplace installations. The main Sarmatian burial 1 was robbed in antiquity. Despite the despoliation, inventory was found in the burial: three-lobed stemmed iron arrowheads, a metal bead, pieces of polished grey clay circular jar, fragments of red and yellow clay amphorae of Roman period (I-II centuries AD). By some analogies, the burial 1 from the mound 1 near Filipeni dates back to the II-nd century AD. The mound 2 near Filipeni was located at 0,2 km to the east-northeast of the mound 1. The height of the mound – 0,2 m, diameter – 20 m. In the mound two burials and the main building – ritual character fireplace were found. Construction of the mound 2 was associated with the construction 1 in the form of a quasi-square platform and (unpreserved) canopy installed on four piles, dug into the ground, later burned, where fragments of ornamented medieval pottery were found. This is probably a construction of steppe nomads from Lower Prut and Danube zones, dating from X-XIII centuries. Inlet medieval burials are free of inventory.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Tumulul scitic nr. 7 de la Crihana Veche-La Pietricei Ion Ciobanu, Denis Topal, Serghei Agulnikov, Sergiu Popovici

Abstract. In the fall of 2014, archaeological expedition organized by Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency investigated the territory of Crihana Veche commune in Cahul district. As a result were excavated Crihana Veche-În Baltă settlement (late antiquity) and Scythian burial mound nr. 7 (La Pietricei burial ground). Barrow no. 7 contained at least two graves and various objects, e.g. remains of funeral feast: accumulations of animal bones, amphorae fragments and stones, as well as a ditch in the form of a circle divided by two bridges. Secondary burial (no. 1) of a child of 7-8 years old was accompanied by a hand-made pot. In the main burial (no. 2) were found disturbed remains of a man older than 60 years with a various grave goods, preserved partly due to a grave robbery. Among the findings were: more than 60 bronze arrowheads, the fragment of a bronze kyathos, two silver plaques of Thracian origin, the details of the bone comb and composite spindle. From weaponry complex remained fragments of iron warrior belt and unique bone handle (incrusted with silver) of a single-bladed sword. Besides human remains, in the grave were found bones of a horse and nearly complete skeleton of a hare. Under the burial mound was discovered very rich amphorae material (over 500 pieces), which, without any exception, could be attributed to the production of Thasos. Moreover, 5 handles of amphorae have stamps belonged to Pylades and Lysikles manufacturers of late 360s — mid. 350s BC. The aristocratic character of the main burial of the barrow no. 7 from Crihana Veche, Thracian weaponry and jewelry (of Northern Balkan group), its chronology suggest that the buried warrior could be a participant in the events of the conflict between Scythians, Triballi and their subsequent reconciliation.

Descarcă articolul: Ceban, Topal, Agulnicov, Popovici 2015

Necropola medievală de la Lozova-La hotar cu Vornicenii. Rezultatele cercetărilor din anii 2014-2015 Ion Ursu, Ludmila Bacumenco-Pîrnău, Vlad Vornic, Ion Ciobanu

Ursu, Bacumenco-Pirnau, Vornic, Ciobanu 2016

Rezumat. Autorii prezintă rezultatele preliminare ale cercetărilor arheologice din perioada anilor 2014-2015, efectuate în aria necropolei medievale de la Lozova-La hotar cu Vornicenii (r-nul Strășeni). Cele două campanii arheologice întreprinse au avut drept scop continuarea săpăturilor sistematice, desfășurate în cadrul a două proiecte pentru tineri cercetători, finanțate de Academia de Științe a Moldovei, pe parcursul cărora au fost descoperite până în prezent 106 morminte, dintre care 52 în anii 2014-2015. Acestea aparțin unei comunităţi creștine locale; toţi decedaţii (maturi și copii) au fost înhumaţi potrivit ritualului creștin: pe spate, cu capul spre vest și picioarele întinse, iar braţele îndoite din coate, cu mâinile așezate pe abdomen, piept sau pe umeri. Inventarul funerar este reprezentat de obiecte de podoabă și port: nasturi globulari din bronz, verigi de tâmplă, cercei de argint și bronz, mărgele, pandantive ș.a., piese care indică perioada de utilizare a cimitirului în secolele XIV-XV. Cimitirul medieval de la Lozova face parte din seria de situri deosebit de importante pentru reconstituirea vieții spirituale a comunităților ortodoxe din valea Bucovățului, iar continuarea cercetărilor și analiza riguroasă a întregului inventar arheologic vor oferi și alte date relevante, precum evoluția demografică, starea de sănătate, apartenența culturală și etnică a populației din spațiul dintre Prut și Nistru în perioada de sfârșit a Hoardei de Aur și începutul constituirii și extinderii spre est a Ţării Moldovei.

Descarcă articolul: Ursu, Bacumenco-Pirnau, Vornic, Ciobanu 2016