Tag Archives: Epoca fierului

Gheare de urs și reprezentări de urside în contexte arheologice din prima epocă a fierului la est de Carpați Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Calaret razboinic Mana

BEAR CLAWS AND REPRESENTATIONS OF URSIDAE WITHIN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF THE FIRST AND SECOND IRON AGE EAST OF THE CARPATHIANS. The cremation burial of a warrior rider discovered at Mana (Orhei), endowed with an important set of weapons of Latène type, ritually destroyed, also contained 10 distal phalanges of brown bear’s hind paws (Ursus Arctos). The research allowed to identify analogies for the bear claws in the burial antiquities of the Celtic andGermanic world of Central and Western Europe, but also among the vestiges of the Scythian and Sarmatian world in the second Iron Age. At the same time it was seen that the bear bones (claws and canine teeth), as well as clay figurines and bone, bronze, silver or gold plaques and pendants representing bears, which were found most commonly in burial complexes, but also in settlements, reveal certain practices and beliefs that were related to the cult of the bear in the first and second Iron Age to the east of the eastern Carpathians. Human communities of prehistoric time, antiquity and the early Middle Ages, as well as traditional societies (peoples with archaic mentality of the modern period) had a special attitude towards this animal, especially due to its exceptional physical force.