Tag Archives: epoca bronzului

Multidisciplinary research dedicated to the Late Bronze age from the space between the Carpathians and Prut (Romania) Vasile Diaconu, Alexandru Gafincu

Diaconu, Gafincu 2018

The current tendencies in the archaeological research involve a muldisciplinary approach on the old human communities, so that one can understand different socio-economic patterns, behavior or relationships (beyond the study of artifacts). The environmental conditions influenced each human civilization, just as any community has had a certain impact on the hinterland in which it lived. The understanding of this connection is absolutely necessary in order to apprehend, as accurately as possible the cultural features of some prehistoric population, who lived in a certain geographic area, in a well-defined chronological sequence.

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Obiecte legate de activitatea metalurgică din așezarea specifică bronzului târziu de la Gârbovăț (jud. Galați) Vasile Diaconu, Daniela Alecsa

Diaconu, Alecsa 2016

Abstract. The question of metallurgy in the Late Bronze Age in the eastern area beyond the Carpathians has not been studied in depth in regards to metal objects. Little is known about the artifacts used in the metallurgical process and for this reason the authors of this article have republished information about some of these objects. Many of the categories of objects of the Noua culture in Gârbovăț (Galați county) have been analysed yet some of them have only recently been found. These include a clay nozzle from a bellows (tuyere), spoons which were probably used in the moulding process, a crucible, several moulds made of stone and clay, along with several stone grinders. The fact that these objects were recovered during older fieldwork and that the archaeological context in which they were found is not known limit the conclusions which can be drawn concerning specialized workshops for producing bronze items. 

Simboluri sociale în epoca bronzului. Sceptre de corn și os Vasile Diaconu

Diaconu 2014

Abstract. The present study discusses the antler and bone scepters specific for the Romanian Bronze Age. This type of objects have been found since the Neolithic period, they are frequently encountered during the Bronze Age and rarely discovered in the first period of the Iron Age. The majority of the pieces are made of antler and only a couple of them are made of bone. Some of the pieces, beautifully decorated have a central perforation in order to fix it in a wooden handle. Concerning the archaeological context of the findings, the majority of the objects were discovered inside the settlements and only one piece is part of the inventory of a tomb. The antler and bone scepters have been discovered in different archaeological cultures since the Early Bronze Age, but the majority of the pieces are attributed to the Middle Bronze Age (the Monteoru, Wietenberg, Costişa, Otomani, Verbicioara cultures). For the Late Bronze Age we only know one item. The signification of such items is primarily related to the social symbolism, but they can also be interpreted as cult objects in the case of their utilization during religious rituals.

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SMEENI – MOVILA MARE: Monografia unui sit arheologic regăsit Alin Frînculeasa, Angela Simalcsik, Bianca Preda, Daniel Garvăn

Frinculeasa et al. 2017

Marți, 25 aprilie 2017, trecut de ora 10: după o revenire fulgerătoare a iernii, azi Primăvara pare să fi învins. Am ajuns în Smeeni la cules de cochilii de melci. Dincolo de garduri…un complex agroindustrial, hale și tractoare, alei de ciment, alte acareturi. O groapă ce se cască sub nivelul terasei, plină de mărăciniș crescut haotic, e martorul mutilării sistematice a terenului. Se remarcă doar galbenul nisipului cu verde spre margini de tineri pomi răsăriți fără îndrumare. Mai într-o parte fosta povarnă nu mai produce. În zare dincolo de marginea terasei…lunca Călmățuiului, mai aproape ʺViroagaʺ drenată printr-un canal îngust. Nimic nu pare să mai amintească de săpăturile arheologice de amploare…un episod anonim în ritmul anistoric al unui sat dintr-o prelungire iluzorie a ʺMăreței Stepeʺ. Odată ca niciodată a atins Smeeniul. Doar memoria colectivă încă mai păstrează vag imaginea unui tânăr arheolog găzduit în sat, dar și alte amănunte ce țin de un folclor local triat prin sita timpului. Dincolo de imaginile conturate pe negativele păstrate putem bănui o bună integrare a personajului în atmosfera locului. Alin Frînculeasa

Descarcă rezumatul extins: Smeeni-Movila Mare

Un grup de morminte din epoca bronzului descoperit la Roman-Arhiepiscopie. Abordări pluridisciplinare Vasile Diaconu, George Dan Hânceanu, Angela Simalcsik, Mihaela Danu

Diaconu et al. 2016

Abstract. The present study describes several burial complexes, dated in the Bronze Age, as they were recently discovered in Roman (Neamţ County, Romania). Four tombs represent inhumation rites, and two of them are possible cenotaphs, that were identified during the research of a medieval necropolis (dated during the XV-XVII centuries). The archaeological inventory consists mainly of pottery (whole or fragmented vessels), with features of different neighboring cultural environments. Considering the geographic area within which the tombs were discovered‚ we presume they represent burial complexes of a Monteoru culture community, which also sustained contacts with representatives of Komarov culture.

Necropola culturii Belozerka de lângă satul Hadjillar Serghei Agulnicov

Agulnicov 2008

Rezumat. În anul 1992 expediția arheologică a Centrului de Salvare a Monumentelor din cadrul Institutului de Arheologie al Academiei de Științe a Republicii Moldova a desfățurat săpături de salvare în zona construcției sistemului de irigații de la Căușeni, lângă satul Hadjillar, raionul Ștefan-Vodă, Republica Moldova. Obiectivul cercetării l-au constituit cei câțiva tumuli cunoscuți în această zonă.
În componența necropolei intrau trei movile, dintre care două (M 1-2) erau vizibile, iar cea de a treia, nivelată de lucrările agricole, se observa pe câmp sub forma unei pete de nuanță deschisă. Tumulii erau dispuși peun aliniament pe direcția NNE-SSV.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov 2008

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016