Tag Archives: Deformația craniană intenționată

Deformația craniană intenționată în comunitățile sarmatice Intentional cranial deformation in the Sarmatic communities

Smeeni M2

With the migration of the Sarmatians to the west, the artificially / intentionally deformed skulls area begins to expand. On the territory of Romania this practice has never become a mass phenomenon. Sarmatic funerary complexes on the territory of Romania with skeletons with artificial deformed skulls are quite numerous. Unfortunately, only few are anthropologically certified and published. Through this work we introduce into the scientific network a new case of artificial cranial deformation – the Sarmatic grave 2 from the Smeeni-Movila Mare tumulus (Buzau County). This artificially deformed skull was identified by O. Necrasov in the 1960s and has remained unpublished.

Un mormânt sarmatic descoperit la Fîrlădeni (r-nul Căușeni) Sergiu Popovici, Eugen Mistreanu, Ion Noroc

Popovici, Mistreanu, Noroc 2015

Abstract. The article analyzes an inhumation grave accidentally discovered on the territory of Fîrladeni village, Causeni district. Buried child of 8-9 years, was laid in a stretched position on his back, oriented to the north. Paleoanthropological analysis of the bone material revealed traces of intentional cranial deformation. The tomb inventory is represented by a ceramic pot, several beads, a bronze earring, a fragment of a bronze plaque. According to analog inhumation graves, this burial dates from the first half of the II-nd century A.D., which corresponds to the middle
period of Sarmatian culture.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Mistreanu, Noroc 2015

Despre deformația craniană intenționată (Fîrlădeni-Căușeni) Angela Simalcsik

Abstract. The paper introducer the reader into the fascination and bizarre world of intentional cranial deformation – invasive and irreversible procedure, executed intra vitam with specific tools and instruments. The anatomical purpose of the deformation of the head is the remodeling of the cranial vault, and the aesthetic purpose is the obtaining of a visible, permanent marker. The social motivation of this procedure is more complex: indicator of social status, of noble filiation, sign of ethnical identity and of appurtenance to a certain cultural group, the making of a connection with the past and with the ancestors. The habit of cranial deformation is very old, being known since Prehistory, on all inhabited continents, practiced by geographically and temporally distinct populations, with different cultural characteristics. The attestation takes place, though, starting with Antiquity. In the European space, voluntary cranial deformations known only starting with the 5th-4th centuries BC. Particularly, the paper refers to the discovery made at Fârlădeni–Şesul Popii (Căuşeni, Republic of Moldova), a funerary complex that included the skeleton of a child, aged approximately 8 to 9 years, whose skull presented a particular conformation, more exactly an artificial deformation of circular/annular type, probably the erect variant, a type of deformation frequently encountered at the Sarmatic tribes.

Descarcă articolul: Deformația craniană de la Fîrlădeni