Tag Archives: Cultura Iamnaia

Tumulul 1 de la Ciumai (Taraclia) Ion Ciobanu, Vlad Vornic, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Abstract. The article publishes data about tumulus 1 from Ciumai (Vinogradovca com.), researched by rescue excavations at the end of 2015. The mound was at about 0.5 km north-east of the northern edge of Ciumai village and 0.15 km south-east of the M3 road, on the first terrace of the meadow from the left part of Salcia Mare rivulet, the right affluent of Ialpug river. Partially affected by excavations, the tumulus had a roughly circular configuration in plan, with a height of approximately 0.4 m and a diameter of about 38 m. It contained 12 asynchronous graves. The oldest grave (no. 7), dated in the end of the late mil. IV BC., over which the first mantle of the tumulus was raised, belonged to a child, and as inventory there laid a fragment of painted brick-red vessel of late tripolian invoice. Most of funerals, as well as two other identified tumulus mantles, are attributed to Iamnaia culture of the Bronze Age (mil. III BC.). For these tombs arrangement of skeletons in a crouched position and their ocher painting are characteristic. Among the artifacts found a burnt clay askos from the tomb 11 stands – a type of vessel, rarely met in Iamnaia culture complexes. The third chronological-cultural horizon is related to the grave 12, which contained the skeleton of a woman and two cups of clay and some amber and glass beads as inventory. Based on proven funerary practices and funeral inventory the mentioned tomb is assigned to Sarmatian culture from I-II centuries AD. The mound from Ciumai is represented by four fireplaces and 21 pits from late medieval period (XVIII centuries), plus a ditch from the modern era (?). These complexes, some of which have bothered the oldest graves, belong to a seasonal dwelling, probably tartar, from the late Middle Ages.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Vornic, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Tumulul 8 de la Cimișlia. Considerații preliminare Sergiu Popovici, Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Abstract. This paper presents the preliminary data on rescue archaeological research of the tumulus No. 8 near Cimişlia (Republic of Moldova) in 2015. The tumulus had a diameter of 36 m and height of 0,8 m. In the mound ten graves, two agglomerations of bones and pottery, a religious complex, a circular moat and a circular stone platform were identified. According to the stratigraphy, the construction of the initial mound, ditch and the cult complex (consisting of six buried vertical logs) were connected with the grave 3 of late Eneolithic time. The next chronological horizon is represented by the graves of Zhivotilovka-Volchansk type (No. 2 and 8). In addition, there were excavated two graves of Yamnaya culture, one grave of Katacomb culture, two Sarmatian and one of the late Medieval nomad.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Ciobanu, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016