Despre deformația craniană intenționată (Fîrlădeni-Căușeni) Angela Simalcsik

Abstract. The paper introducer the reader into the fascination and bizarre world of intentional cranial deformation – invasive and irreversible procedure, executed intra vitam with specific tools and instruments. The anatomical purpose of the deformation of the head is the remodeling of the cranial vault, and the aesthetic purpose is the obtaining of a visible, permanent marker. The social motivation of this procedure is more complex: indicator of social status, of noble filiation, sign of ethnical identity and of appurtenance to a certain cultural group, the making of a connection with the past and with the ancestors. The habit of cranial deformation is very old, being known since Prehistory, on all inhabited continents, practiced by geographically and temporally distinct populations, with different cultural characteristics. The attestation takes place, though, starting with Antiquity. In the European space, voluntary cranial deformations known only starting with the 5th-4th centuries BC. Particularly, the paper refers to the discovery made at Fârlădeni–Şesul Popii (Căuşeni, Republic of Moldova), a funerary complex that included the skeleton of a child, aged approximately 8 to 9 years, whose skull presented a particular conformation, more exactly an artificial deformation of circular/annular type, probably the erect variant, a type of deformation frequently encountered at the Sarmatic tribes.

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