Category Archives: Publicații

Despre mormânrul de incinerație în situlă de bronz de la Sipoteni (sec. II-I a. Chr.) Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Abstract. In the work on the materials of a cremation burial in bronze situla of the 2nd-1st centuries BC, which was found in Mana village (Orhei district), we have taken for comparative and anthropological analysis remains of calcined bones from the burial in situla from Sipoteni (Călăraşi district) published in 1950s (fig. 1). Osteological research of the contents of the bronze vessel from Sipoteni (fig. 2) showed that the remains belonged to a man 20-30 years old. In the burial urn a fragment of a black-burnished vessel, a silver fibula of the Middle La Tene type (fig. 4), an iron ring, and an amorphous iron object were found. The grave goods also contain a bronze situla (fig. 3), identical in shape and size, which was found near the funeral urn. Researches attributed the Sipoteni burial to the 2nd-1st centuries BC, a period of domination of Bastarnae tribes in the central and northern part of the Carpathian-Dniester region.

Un mormânt sarmatic descoperit la Fîrlădeni (r-nul Căușeni) Sergiu Popovici, Eugen Mistreanu, Ion Noroc

Popovici, Mistreanu, Noroc 2015

Abstract. The article analyzes an inhumation grave accidentally discovered on the territory of Fîrladeni village, Causeni district. Buried child of 8-9 years, was laid in a stretched position on his back, oriented to the north. Paleoanthropological analysis of the bone material revealed traces of intentional cranial deformation. The tomb inventory is represented by a ceramic pot, several beads, a bronze earring, a fragment of a bronze plaque. According to analog inhumation graves, this burial dates from the first half of the II-nd century A.D., which corresponds to the middle
period of Sarmatian culture.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Mistreanu, Noroc 2015

Despre deformația craniană intenționată (Fîrlădeni-Căușeni) Angela Simalcsik

Abstract. The paper introducer the reader into the fascination and bizarre world of intentional cranial deformation – invasive and irreversible procedure, executed intra vitam with specific tools and instruments. The anatomical purpose of the deformation of the head is the remodeling of the cranial vault, and the aesthetic purpose is the obtaining of a visible, permanent marker. The social motivation of this procedure is more complex: indicator of social status, of noble filiation, sign of ethnical identity and of appurtenance to a certain cultural group, the making of a connection with the past and with the ancestors. The habit of cranial deformation is very old, being known since Prehistory, on all inhabited continents, practiced by geographically and temporally distinct populations, with different cultural characteristics. The attestation takes place, though, starting with Antiquity. In the European space, voluntary cranial deformations known only starting with the 5th-4th centuries BC. Particularly, the paper refers to the discovery made at Fârlădeni–Şesul Popii (Căuşeni, Republic of Moldova), a funerary complex that included the skeleton of a child, aged approximately 8 to 9 years, whose skull presented a particular conformation, more exactly an artificial deformation of circular/annular type, probably the erect variant, a type of deformation frequently encountered at the Sarmatic tribes.

Descarcă articolul: Deformația craniană de la Fîrlădeni

Tumulul scitic nr. 7 de la Crihana Veche-La Pietricei Ion Ciobanu, Denis Topal, Serghei Agulnikov, Sergiu Popovici

Abstract. In the fall of 2014, archaeological expedition organized by Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency investigated the territory of Crihana Veche commune in Cahul district. As a result were excavated Crihana Veche-În Baltă settlement (late antiquity) and Scythian burial mound nr. 7 (La Pietricei burial ground). Barrow no. 7 contained at least two graves and various objects, e.g. remains of funeral feast: accumulations of animal bones, amphorae fragments and stones, as well as a ditch in the form of a circle divided by two bridges. Secondary burial (no. 1) of a child of 7-8 years old was accompanied by a hand-made pot. In the main burial (no. 2) were found disturbed remains of a man older than 60 years with a various grave goods, preserved partly due to a grave robbery. Among the findings were: more than 60 bronze arrowheads, the fragment of a bronze kyathos, two silver plaques of Thracian origin, the details of the bone comb and composite spindle. From weaponry complex remained fragments of iron warrior belt and unique bone handle (incrusted with silver) of a single-bladed sword. Besides human remains, in the grave were found bones of a horse and nearly complete skeleton of a hare. Under the burial mound was discovered very rich amphorae material (over 500 pieces), which, without any exception, could be attributed to the production of Thasos. Moreover, 5 handles of amphorae have stamps belonged to Pylades and Lysikles manufacturers of late 360s — mid. 350s BC. The aristocratic character of the main burial of the barrow no. 7 from Crihana Veche, Thracian weaponry and jewelry (of Northern Balkan group), its chronology suggest that the buried warrior could be a participant in the events of the conflict between Scythians, Triballi and their subsequent reconciliation.

Descarcă articolul: Ceban, Topal, Agulnicov, Popovici 2015

Un nou sit arheologic din perioada târzie a epocii bronzului descoperit la Novosiolovca (r-nul Taraclia) Serghei Agulnikov, Sergiu Popovici

Agulnicov, Popovici 2015

Abstract. In December 2013, a group of researchers of the National Archaeological Agency explored a partially disturbed during construction archaeological object from Novoselovca, Taraclia district. The discovered bellshaped pit with a diameter of 1,7 m and 1,5 m depth yielded an archaeological complex of the Late Bronze Age. The complex contained fragments of pottery, stone tools, and animal bones. All objects and bone remains were covered with grinding stones. Pottery and individual findings are characteristic of ceramic complex of the culture Belozerka dated back to XII-XI centuries BC. The archaeozoological complex from the pit 1 represents a deliberately laid horse bones under the grinding stones. The reported 5 individuals of domestic horse represent a specific breed characterized by medium-thin limbs. In addition, there are small amounts of big and small cattle bones.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov, Popovici 2015

The late mediaeval necropolis of Lăpușna Angela Simalcsik, Ion Ursu, Luminița Bejenaru

Abstract. The osteological material was exhumed in 2013 by archaeologists from the Archaeology Department of the Cultural Heritage Institute of the Academy of Science of Moldova, in the mediaeval necropolis of Lăpuşna (Hânceşti County, Republic of Moldova). Thirty graves were fully or partially researched, the deceased having been buried lying on their backs, with the upper limbs placed on the chest or abdomen. Based on the funerary inventory (which includes six mediaeval coins), the graves were chronologically placed between the XVth and the XVIIth centuries. The cemetery belonged to a local Christian rural community. The preservation status of skeletons is satisfactory. Twenty-two human skeletons (seven males, ten females, and five children) have been analyzed so far. Sex ratio in the osteological sample from Lăpuşna is subunitary, indicating a higher number of female skeletons, comparatively with the male ones.

A cremation burial of a horseman near the village of Mana (the Orhei district) Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Tentiuc, Bubulici, Simalcsik 2015

Rezumat. În anul 2011 Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a Moldovei a intrat în posesia unui lot important de piese arheologice. Componenţa setului de artefacte: situlă de bronz (fig. 3); strachină-capac din ceramică (fig. 4); spadă din fier (fig. 5) şi teaca sa (fig. 6/1-2); vârf de lance din fier (fig. 7) (acestea de la urmă îndoite intenţionat); o pereche de pinteni din fier (fig. 9); umbo de scut, din fier, de formă circulară în plan şi piramidală în secţiune (fig. 8/1-2); brăţară din fier, dublu spiralată, cu terminaţiile în butoni (fig. 10), o verigă din fier cu buton lateral (de la centiron -?) (fig. 6/3-4) la care s-a adăugat o scoabă din fier (de la teacă – ?) (fig. 6/5-6), a permis să constatăm că acestea fac parte din inventarul unui mormânt de incineraţie al unui călăreţ războinic. Analiza antropologică a oaselor incinerate a făcut să se înţeleagă că mormântul a aparţinut unui tânăr de circa 14-16 ani (fig. 14-24). Totodată, printre oasele umane incinerate au fost identifi cate 10 falange distale (gheare) de la membrele anterioare ale unui urs matur. Se pare că tânărul călăreţ războinic a fost incinerat împreună cu „mantia” sa din blană de urs, purtată pe spate (fig. 11-13).