Category Archives: Publicații

Tumulul 1 de la Ciumai (Taraclia) Ion Ciobanu, Vlad Vornic, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Abstract. The article publishes data about tumulus 1 from Ciumai (Vinogradovca com.), researched by rescue excavations at the end of 2015. The mound was at about 0.5 km north-east of the northern edge of Ciumai village and 0.15 km south-east of the M3 road, on the first terrace of the meadow from the left part of Salcia Mare rivulet, the right affluent of Ialpug river. Partially affected by excavations, the tumulus had a roughly circular configuration in plan, with a height of approximately 0.4 m and a diameter of about 38 m. It contained 12 asynchronous graves. The oldest grave (no. 7), dated in the end of the late mil. IV BC., over which the first mantle of the tumulus was raised, belonged to a child, and as inventory there laid a fragment of painted brick-red vessel of late tripolian invoice. Most of funerals, as well as two other identified tumulus mantles, are attributed to Iamnaia culture of the Bronze Age (mil. III BC.). For these tombs arrangement of skeletons in a crouched position and their ocher painting are characteristic. Among the artifacts found a burnt clay askos from the tomb 11 stands – a type of vessel, rarely met in Iamnaia culture complexes. The third chronological-cultural horizon is related to the grave 12, which contained the skeleton of a woman and two cups of clay and some amber and glass beads as inventory. Based on proven funerary practices and funeral inventory the mentioned tomb is assigned to Sarmatian culture from I-II centuries AD. The mound from Ciumai is represented by four fireplaces and 21 pits from late medieval period (XVIII centuries), plus a ditch from the modern era (?). These complexes, some of which have bothered the oldest graves, belong to a seasonal dwelling, probably tartar, from the late Middle Ages.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Vornic, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Complexele funerare atribuite culturii Sabatinovka din tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

 Rezumat. În articolul de faţă este prezentat un grup de complexe funerare aparţinând culturii Sabatinovka, descoperite recent (2015) în Tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche, r-nul Cahul. Sunt analizate aspecte generale ce ţin de ritualul funerar al culturii Sabatinovka în spaţiul pruto-nistrean. De regulă, mormintele ce aparţin acestei culturi din epoca bronzului târziu erau amplasate în sectoarele de sud-est ale tumulilor, formând o concentraţie de morminte de felul unei necropole de dimensiuni mici. Aceeași situaţie poate fi urmărită și în T. 9 de la Crihana Veche. Ritualul funerar și piesele de inventar, descoperit în procesul cercetărilor arheologice, sincronizează micronecropola din T. 9 cu masivul cutural Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni, precum și cu cultura Monteoru (faza IIB) și se datează în secolele XIV–XIII a.Chr.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016

Tumulul 8 de la Cimișlia. Considerații preliminare Sergiu Popovici, Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Abstract. This paper presents the preliminary data on rescue archaeological research of the tumulus No. 8 near Cimişlia (Republic of Moldova) in 2015. The tumulus had a diameter of 36 m and height of 0,8 m. In the mound ten graves, two agglomerations of bones and pottery, a religious complex, a circular moat and a circular stone platform were identified. According to the stratigraphy, the construction of the initial mound, ditch and the cult complex (consisting of six buried vertical logs) were connected with the grave 3 of late Eneolithic time. The next chronological horizon is represented by the graves of Zhivotilovka-Volchansk type (No. 2 and 8). In addition, there were excavated two graves of Yamnaya culture, one grave of Katacomb culture, two Sarmatian and one of the late Medieval nomad.

Descarcă articolul: Popovici, Ciobanu, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Rezultatele investigațiilor arheologice asupra tumulilor de la Filipeni Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Ciobanu

Rezumat. In 2015, rescue excavations of two mounds were carried out on fields near Filipeni community, Leova district. The mound 1 was located at 3,5 km to the north-west of the village periphery, on the watershed between Prut and Sarata rivers. Height – 1,2 m, diameter – 56 m. In the mound 1 two burials were found, one- Sarmatian and the second – medieval, as well as two medieval fireplace installations. The main Sarmatian burial 1 was robbed in antiquity. Despite the despoliation, inventory was found in the burial: three-lobed stemmed iron arrowheads, a metal bead, pieces of polished grey clay circular jar, fragments of red and yellow clay amphorae of Roman period (I-II centuries AD). By some analogies, the burial 1 from the mound 1 near Filipeni dates back to the II-nd century AD. The mound 2 near Filipeni was located at 0,2 km to the east-northeast of the mound 1. The height of the mound – 0,2 m, diameter – 20 m. In the mound two burials and the main building – ritual character fireplace were found. Construction of the mound 2 was associated with the construction 1 in the form of a quasi-square platform and (unpreserved) canopy installed on four piles, dug into the ground, later burned, where fragments of ornamented medieval pottery were found. This is probably a construction of steppe nomads from Lower Prut and Danube zones, dating from X-XIII centuries. Inlet medieval burials are free of inventory.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Gheare de urs și reprezentări de urside în contexte arheologice din prima epocă a fierului la est de Carpați Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici, Angela Simalcsik

Calaret razboinic Mana

BEAR CLAWS AND REPRESENTATIONS OF URSIDAE WITHIN THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF THE FIRST AND SECOND IRON AGE EAST OF THE CARPATHIANS. The cremation burial of a warrior rider discovered at Mana (Orhei), endowed with an important set of weapons of Latène type, ritually destroyed, also contained 10 distal phalanges of brown bear’s hind paws (Ursus Arctos). The research allowed to identify analogies for the bear claws in the burial antiquities of the Celtic andGermanic world of Central and Western Europe, but also among the vestiges of the Scythian and Sarmatian world in the second Iron Age. At the same time it was seen that the bear bones (claws and canine teeth), as well as clay figurines and bone, bronze, silver or gold plaques and pendants representing bears, which were found most commonly in burial complexes, but also in settlements, reveal certain practices and beliefs that were related to the cult of the bear in the first and second Iron Age to the east of the eastern Carpathians. Human communities of prehistoric time, antiquity and the early Middle Ages, as well as traditional societies (peoples with archaic mentality of the modern period) had a special attitude towards this animal, especially due to its exceptional physical force.

Necropola medievală de la Lozova (Raionul Strășeni). Campania 2015 Angela Simalcsik, Robert Daniel Simalcsik, Vasilica Monica Groza

Lozova 2016

Rezumat. Eşantionul osteologic uman la care ne referim a fost deshumat în anul 2015 din situl medieval Lozova–La hotar cu Vornicenii (raionul Străşeni, Republica Moldova). Au fost dezvelite 27 complexe funerare, în care s-au descoperit 27 schelete umane (cinci masculine, opt feminine şi 14 cu genul indeterminabil). Defuncţii erau înhumaţi potrivit ritualului tradiţional creştin – cu capul spre apus şi privirea spre răsărit, în decubit dorsal, cu picioarele întinse şi braţele îndoite din coate, cu mâinile aşezate pe piept, abdomen sau pe umeri. Conform inventarul funerar, în lipsa monedelor, perioada de utilizare a cimitirului a fost estimată între mijlocul secolului al XIV-lea până în secolul al XV-lea.