Author Archives: Ciobanu Ion

Tumulul 1 de la Ciumai (Taraclia) Ion Ciobanu, Vlad Vornic, Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Noroc

Abstract. The article publishes data about tumulus 1 from Ciumai (Vinogradovca com.), researched by rescue excavations at the end of 2015. The mound was at about 0.5 km north-east of the northern edge of Ciumai village and 0.15 km south-east of the M3 road, on the first terrace of the meadow from the left part of Salcia Mare rivulet, the right affluent of Ialpug river. Partially affected by excavations, the tumulus had a roughly circular configuration in plan, with a height of approximately 0.4 m and a diameter of about 38 m. It contained 12 asynchronous graves. The oldest grave (no. 7), dated in the end of the late mil. IV BC., over which the first mantle of the tumulus was raised, belonged to a child, and as inventory there laid a fragment of painted brick-red vessel of late tripolian invoice. Most of funerals, as well as two other identified tumulus mantles, are attributed to Iamnaia culture of the Bronze Age (mil. III BC.). For these tombs arrangement of skeletons in a crouched position and their ocher painting are characteristic. Among the artifacts found a burnt clay askos from the tomb 11 stands – a type of vessel, rarely met in Iamnaia culture complexes. The third chronological-cultural horizon is related to the grave 12, which contained the skeleton of a woman and two cups of clay and some amber and glass beads as inventory. Based on proven funerary practices and funeral inventory the mentioned tomb is assigned to Sarmatian culture from I-II centuries AD. The mound from Ciumai is represented by four fireplaces and 21 pits from late medieval period (XVIII centuries), plus a ditch from the modern era (?). These complexes, some of which have bothered the oldest graves, belong to a seasonal dwelling, probably tartar, from the late Middle Ages.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Vornic, Agulnicov, Noroc 2016

Complexele funerare atribuite culturii Sabatinovka din tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

 Rezumat. În articolul de faţă este prezentat un grup de complexe funerare aparţinând culturii Sabatinovka, descoperite recent (2015) în Tumulul 9 de la Crihana Veche, r-nul Cahul. Sunt analizate aspecte generale ce ţin de ritualul funerar al culturii Sabatinovka în spaţiul pruto-nistrean. De regulă, mormintele ce aparţin acestei culturi din epoca bronzului târziu erau amplasate în sectoarele de sud-est ale tumulilor, formând o concentraţie de morminte de felul unei necropole de dimensiuni mici. Aceeași situaţie poate fi urmărită și în T. 9 de la Crihana Veche. Ritualul funerar și piesele de inventar, descoperit în procesul cercetărilor arheologice, sincronizează micronecropola din T. 9 cu masivul cutural Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni, precum și cu cultura Monteoru (faza IIB) și se datează în secolele XIV–XIII a.Chr.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov RA 2016

Investigații arheologice de la Crihana Veche. Campania 2015 Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Abstract. The present report describes new data obtained during the excavations of the tumuli 6 and 9 from the burial complex near Crihana Veche Village, Cahul District of the Republic of Moldova, in 2015 by the joint research team on the Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency. The tumulus 6 was mounted by Scythians. The main burial surrounded by a moat was robbed in the antiquity. The findings include fragments of iron knives, three-lobed bronze arrowheads, and some scattered human bones. The complex is dated back to the second half of the IV-th century BC. The height of the tumulus 9 attained 1,25 m, its diameter amounts 36 m. The tumulus contained 20 burials. Initially, the tumulus mounting was associated with the Late Aeneolithic burial number 10. Several intake burials belong to the Yamnaya Culture bearers. Two additional embankments are associated with the Yamnaya Culture bearers. The discovered archaeological complex includes a silver temporal pendant, and such stone tools as a grinder and graters. The third archaeological level is represented by a the Sabatinovka Culture burial in the southeast sector of the mound dated back to XIII-XII centuries BC. The archaeological complex includes jar-like vessels and a ladle with loop-shaped handle. The burial 7 of the tumulus 9 apparently is most recent and possibly was created by Sarmatians.

Descarcă articolul: Ciobanu, Agulnicov 2016

Rezultatele investigațiilor arheologice asupra tumulilor de la Filipeni Serghei Agulnikov, Ion Ciobanu

Rezumat. In 2015, rescue excavations of two mounds were carried out on fields near Filipeni community, Leova district. The mound 1 was located at 3,5 km to the north-west of the village periphery, on the watershed between Prut and Sarata rivers. Height – 1,2 m, diameter – 56 m. In the mound 1 two burials were found, one- Sarmatian and the second – medieval, as well as two medieval fireplace installations. The main Sarmatian burial 1 was robbed in antiquity. Despite the despoliation, inventory was found in the burial: three-lobed stemmed iron arrowheads, a metal bead, pieces of polished grey clay circular jar, fragments of red and yellow clay amphorae of Roman period (I-II centuries AD). By some analogies, the burial 1 from the mound 1 near Filipeni dates back to the II-nd century AD. The mound 2 near Filipeni was located at 0,2 km to the east-northeast of the mound 1. The height of the mound – 0,2 m, diameter – 20 m. In the mound two burials and the main building – ritual character fireplace were found. Construction of the mound 2 was associated with the construction 1 in the form of a quasi-square platform and (unpreserved) canopy installed on four piles, dug into the ground, later burned, where fragments of ornamented medieval pottery were found. This is probably a construction of steppe nomads from Lower Prut and Danube zones, dating from X-XIII centuries. Inlet medieval burials are free of inventory.

Descarcă articolul: Agulnicov, Ciobanu 2016

Tumulul scitic nr. 7 de la Crihana Veche-La Pietricei Ion Ciobanu, Denis Topal, Serghei Agulnikov, Sergiu Popovici

Abstract. In the fall of 2014, archaeological expedition organized by Institute of Cultural Heritage and National Archaeological Agency investigated the territory of Crihana Veche commune in Cahul district. As a result were excavated Crihana Veche-În Baltă settlement (late antiquity) and Scythian burial mound nr. 7 (La Pietricei burial ground). Barrow no. 7 contained at least two graves and various objects, e.g. remains of funeral feast: accumulations of animal bones, amphorae fragments and stones, as well as a ditch in the form of a circle divided by two bridges. Secondary burial (no. 1) of a child of 7-8 years old was accompanied by a hand-made pot. In the main burial (no. 2) were found disturbed remains of a man older than 60 years with a various grave goods, preserved partly due to a grave robbery. Among the findings were: more than 60 bronze arrowheads, the fragment of a bronze kyathos, two silver plaques of Thracian origin, the details of the bone comb and composite spindle. From weaponry complex remained fragments of iron warrior belt and unique bone handle (incrusted with silver) of a single-bladed sword. Besides human remains, in the grave were found bones of a horse and nearly complete skeleton of a hare. Under the burial mound was discovered very rich amphorae material (over 500 pieces), which, without any exception, could be attributed to the production of Thasos. Moreover, 5 handles of amphorae have stamps belonged to Pylades and Lysikles manufacturers of late 360s — mid. 350s BC. The aristocratic character of the main burial of the barrow no. 7 from Crihana Veche, Thracian weaponry and jewelry (of Northern Balkan group), its chronology suggest that the buried warrior could be a participant in the events of the conflict between Scythians, Triballi and their subsequent reconciliation.

Descarcă articolul: Ceban, Topal, Agulnicov, Popovici 2015

Sondajul din situl arheologic de la Crihana Veche-In balta Vlad Vornic, Ion Ciobanu, Serghei Agulnikov

Rezumat. Semnalată prin recunoaşteri de suprafaţă la mijlocul anilor ‘60 ai secolului trecut de către Vsevolod Marchevici, aşezarea de tip Sântana de Mureş-Cerneahov de la Crihana Veche (r-nul Cahul) a fost inclusă în circuitul ştiinţific un deceniu mai târziu de Emanuil Rikman, cu denumirea Crihana Veche1. Fiind situată la nord-vest de com. Crihana Veche, la distanţa de 0,65 km spre vest de drumul R34 (segmentul Cahul-Giurgiuleşti) şi la 1,75 km nord-nord-vest de biserica din localitate (Fig. 1), în punctul numit de localnici În Baltă, aşezarea la care ne referim ocupă panta lină a terasei a doua de pe malul stâng al lacului Balta Crihanei de pe cursul râului Prut, pe o lungime de cca 150 m şi o lăţime de aproximativ 50 m. În cursul cercetărilor arheologice periegetice efectuate în primăvara anului trecut pe moşia com. Crihana Veche staţiunea a fost prospectată mai amănunţit, cu care prilej au putut fi identificate şi urme de locuire răzleţe din perioada târzie a epocii bronzului, atribuite culturii Sabatinovka (sec. XV-XII î.Hr.).

Descarcă articolul: Vornic, Ceban, Agulnicov 2015

În căutarea “piramidelor” la Crihana Veche Prime, 26 iulie 2015

Crihana Veche T12

Mai în glumă, mai în serios, dar în sudul Moldovei au fost descoperite nişte movile funerare, ce datează de mii de ani.

În această săptămână, o echipă Prime a participat la săpăturile arheologice, pentru a afla de la specialişti mai multe despre civizaţiile care au populat pământurile noastre cu mii de ani în urmă.

Arheologii au început săpăturile în zorii zilei şi lucrează fără pauză. Şi tot aşa de aproape două săptămâni. Nu e timp de odihnă chiar şi pe soarele arzător, spun ei, mai ales că patrimoniul arheologic al comunei Crihana Veche, din raionul Cahul, cuprinde 14 situri şi zeci de movile funerare, ce urmează să fie explorate. Acolo unde specialiştii nu pot ajunge cu mâinile, în ajutor le vine tehnica modernă.

Sudul ţării este caracterizat printr-o densitate mai mică a populaţiei, iar datorită acestui fapt, cred arheologii, şi movilele de acum mii de ani au rămas practic intacte până în zilele noastre.

Săpăturile se fac cu multă migală şi precizie, căci niciodată nu se ştie peste ce vestigii vor da căutătorii de istorie. Ritualurile de înmormântare a strămoşilor noştri sunt încă o necunoscută pentru arheologi şi antropologi.

Cot la cot cu cercetătorii, muncesc şi câţiva studenţi de la facultatea de Istorie şi Arheologie, de la Universitatea de Stat din Cahul. Pe o zăpuşeală de peste 30 de grade, aceştia sapă toată ziulica, în speranţă ca vor găsi comorile trecutului.